3 days ago
The german hochseeflotte was created in 1907 with admiral alfred von tirpitz behind it. he wanted to create a fleet strong enough to challenge the royal navy, which was dominant at the time. according to tirpitz’s theory, britain would not challenge germany if the hochseeflotte posed a threat to their navy. this made the hochseeflotte a fleet in being, which refers to a fleet having influence on the seas without ever having to leave port. this aligned with tirpitz's ambitions, as he knew the more ships he had in the north sea, the more ships the royal navy would have to have in its own waters, and thus not elsewhere. this lended itself nicely to the kaiser's wish for germany to become a global power insofar as gaining new colonial possessions, or as chancellor von bülow (1900-09) put it, 'germany's place in the sun.'
in reality this naval arms race ended up being just another on of the contributing factors to the raising of tensions in europe, which eventually led to war.
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